Items filtered by date: July 2017
Sunday, 23 July 2017 10:41

Argument papers, Arranged Marriage

Argument papers, Arranged Marriage

Arranged marriages have a high possibility of being broken because of lack of true love. Arranged marriages have no intimacy of love and affection it is based coercion and influences from parents, religion and family relationships. Mostly, arranged marriages break because most of the partners are influenced to enter into marriages as a result of fate. Some fate that contributes to arranged marriages includes becoming too old of age, lack of higher levels of education, social statuses such as being too less social to opposite mates as well as family situations and decisions made by family members (Myers, Madathil, & Tingle, 2005). Arranged marriages fail because they are planned within a very short period. The relationship influenced by third parties lack strong foundation because there is no time for understanding each other. Arranged marriages result in break-ups because couples do not have time to share emotions. Couples lack initial encouragements, support, and assurance that they were getting before getting married. Arranged marriages are just as a result obligations, the pressure to tolerate others. Arranged marriage results to divorce to put an end to the unhappy family.

Arranged marriages affect several people mostly children because the couple's see children as a burden. None of the partners in arranged marriage seem to accept the responsibilities of bringing up children since the family affairs such quarrels, social differences, and victimization. In arranged marriages, children may feel insecure since the marriage plan is usually a contract between families but not individuals. The relationship is founded based on family background, financial status, reputation and hereditary characteristics. The agreement between couples is less valued thus leading to minimal family relations. Usually, third parties select mates based on their ways of thinking. Other people have a high probability of selecting qualities that do not favor either of the partners. Characteristics of a wife and husband can only be determined by particular mates that are interested in each other. A marriages partner should have a mother or a father characteristics valued by their partners. Partners should share same interests to develop a strong family. Life becomes too long while living with a wrong person resulting to lack of confidentiality, lack of satisfaction, lack of trust and lack of family comfort (Ingoldsby, 2000). The process of finding a soul mate should be a personal decision. However, lack of proper matching results to poor parenting causing children to suffer.
The principles that determine an arranged marriage includes money, high social status, sufficient life and stable economy. However, money, high social status, sufficient life and a stable economy are just necessary elements in a marriage but cannot be enough without true love, personal consent, and intimacy. Money, high social status, sufficient life and stable economy alone cannot maintain happiness in a family where there are disagreements, and divisions among partners. Money, high social status, sufficient life and stable economy can only bring people together temporarily for some days, some weeks, some months, or some years. However when money, high social status, sufficient life and a stable economy are no longer there is nothing to tie couples together, and the best option is to divorce. Mates live together because of acceptable intimacy emotions from the heart not from pressure resulting from obligation or social arrangements influenced by money and social status.
Arranged marriages result to the effective and efficient continuity of cultural practices. It is a fact that when marriage is arranged, it results in a total support from both sided of involved families. The new couples are assured of stability in life, material, and emotional, physical and spiritual support (Myers, Madathil, & Tingle, 2005). In arranged marriages, families involved have better terms and conditions, and therefore they encourage commitment among their partners. In arranged marriages, couples have low expectations from each other. Personal dreams and expectations do not fail since couples are inspired by their parents to support their spouses in case of difficulties. Arranged marriages guarantee total support from society especially religion and family members. It is a way of maintaining and retaining particular traits, beliefs and cultural practices thus making the interests of society higher and prevailing (Han, & Mayzin, 2013).
According to analysis, it is true that love is the most sensitive element in any relationship. Money, high social status, sufficient life and a stable economy are there to make life more comfortable and acceptable. True happiness, joy, and satisfaction are experienced where there is love. Arranged marriages are tribal based, race based and encourage tribalism, racism, discrimination, and apartheid thus cannot support social development and international collaboration. Arranged marriages are associated with very many disadvantages including violating human rights while forcing partners to engage in marriage relationships. It is associated with threats, broken relationships, as well as affecting children in the arranged marriage relationship. It is very clear that marriages should not be arranged in any circumstances. Arranged marriage culture should not be supported or practiced in societies.

Ingoldsby B.B . (2000) Mate selection and marriage around the world. In Smith S. & Ingoldsby B.B(Eds.), Families in Multicultural Perspective. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Myers J., Madathil, J. & Tingle (2005). First comes marriage, then comes love. Spark Magazine (n.d.): n. pag. Web.
Myers J., Madathil, J. & Tingle (2005). Journal of counseling & development. Marriage Satisfaction and Wellness in India and the United States: A Preliminary Comparison of Arranged Marriages and Marriages of Choice,

Published in Social Sciences
Sunday, 23 July 2017 10:40

Fake News

Course Code
June 28, 2017
The article,” Are there too many antibiotics in your fast food meat?” is by Ben Tinker that was published on September 22, 2016, at the CNN website. The author aims to answer the question, “What is in the meat that we eat at fast food restaurants? The report examines the presence of antibiotics in the meat supplied to fast food restaurants all across the United States. The author makes use of a wide range of rhetorical devices to capture the attention of readers and make his audience agree with his point of view. This essay evaluates this article published on the CNN website by examining aspects like biases, rhetorical appeals, the purpose of the article, and logical fallacies.
The main purpose of the article is to inform the public that fast food meat may have too many high levels of antibiotic since the antibiotics are given to farm animals to make them grow faster and prevent them from diseases. These farm animals are in overcrowded places and diseases spread may bring devastating outcomes and loss to the farmers and the food production companies.
The author depends on rhetorical appeals such as logos, ethos, and pathos to communicate to the audience. Through an appeal to ethos, the author has managed to establish the credibility and authority with the audience that makes his message seem credible and trustworthy to listen. The author appeals to ethos by citing the source of his written message. He refers to the collaborative new report that has ranked the twenty-five largest US fast food restaurant chains as per their antibiotics practices and policies. He mentions that the top honors are companies like Chipotle Mexican Grill and Panera Bread that was awarded grade A.
Citing the recent statistical reports of the businesses that are strict with their antibiotic policies and those who are not is a way which the author appeals to the ethos. He aims to let the readers trust his argument and lets them know that he is worth being listened to since his information is genuine. The author also demonstrates familiarity with the different perspectives and opinions of antibiotic policies by accurately showing the statistics and presenting the views of major players in the food industry. In doing so, he manages to present his information in a fair manner without bias and over reliance of his emotions. He uses statistics and relevant sources to show that his ideas are supported by credible sources such as the CNN Medical respondent and organizations like CDC and WHO.
In an appeal to logos, the author applies findings, quotes, statistics, and numbers to support his argument. For example, he quotes the statement given by the Chief Medical Corresponded of CNN, Dr. Sanjay Gupta saying, “Antibiotics resistances are one of the biggest health threats that the world is facing today.” He applies for statistics and numbers from CDC which Estimates that over two million Americans every year contract antibiotic resistance and 23,000 of them die due to this resistances. All these aspects are with the aim of convincing the readers that other recognized sources well support his point.
In an appeal to pathos, the author aims to establish a personal connection with the audience through evoking emotions and also suggesting that the audience should share his values beliefs and attitudes. It is well demonstrated in the opening line of this article. He writes, “Although you may be keen to the type of meat you buy at a grocery store such as cage-free, grass-fed or organic, the many chances are that you don’t pay attention to the type of meat you get served at your favorite fast food restaurant.” Such an opening makes the audience get interested to know what the author is trying to argue.
Logical fallacy found in this article is the statement that the high-level meeting on antibiotic resistance by the United Nations General Assembly is one of the few times in history where world leaders are discussing a public health issue. Though this is true, it does not mean that world leaders have never met before to discuss matters of health such as the case of fighting HIV/AIDS epidemic. Such a meeting was held in May and June 2016 that aimed at making the Member States of the United Nations adopt a political declaration in putting an end to the epidemic of AIDS. Finally, the author’s conclusion of his essay is not complete. His argument that “the efforts made by restaurants in providing better and healthier food sources are simply not enough” can be completed with recommendations that can help restaurants improve their services and the role of the key players in ensuring that restaurants do not serve meat with antibiotics. For example, the calls for the petition to argue restaurants to adopt the no-antibiotic meat and the requirements for investors to recommend restaurants and farm to reduce antibiotics use. Also, the farmers should be expected to use antibiotics for treating sick animals only and not for irresponsible practices, such as prevention of diseases or growth promotions since the farm animals live in unsanitary and confined conditions.

Published in Social Sciences

Name: Ali Alzaher
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Institution: Butler Community College
El Dorado, Kansas
Address: 2029 N Woodlawn st
Wichita, KS 67208
United States

Ali Alzaher

Online learning VS Face to Face Learning
Every country is experiencing a growth in their economies and citizens forced to work at the same pace as their economies. Most people today have also made the decision of studying as they work so as to meet their daily needs. Acquiring a degree is a huge decision that does not come easy. Employers require their employees to have more skills which force them to start taking online classes and not the traditional courses. These online courses are also beneficial for adult learners who have to work and accomplish their responsibilities as parents, unlike the traditional classrooms which are more attractive to college students. Research has shown examples of negatives and positives for both classroom and online learning. These studies can help an adult learner in deciding the type of learning environment that suits their skills. However, through this essay, I argue that online learning is the best for learners more than the traditional classroom learning. I will give reasons to show the reasons for online learning is the best option which is the flexibility, a comfortable learning environment, more concentration and interaction ability and the costs are much cheaper than the traditional form of education.
First learners always face distractions as part of their everyday life. For example, they have to wake up early to take their children to school. They may also be required to take their children to the hospital or request a day or two to care for their sick child at home. They also have to come home early to help their kids with homework and prepare dinner for them. Thus generally an adult’s life is filled with responsibilities which they have to accomplish alongside working and progressing in their education. The need to enroll in higher education or courses for new knowledge and skills is a necessity since they desire to move up their current jobs or obtain better jobs.
Karyn Donahue (2008) in his book “The Patriot Ledger, indicates that career advancement is one of the major results that motivate adult learners. He adds that furthering their education does not only help the adult learner to have a better career but it is also a means whereby a parent sets a good example to her children that education is a vital part of life. Donahue, also states that “adult learners are always into the quality for the tuition dollars they pay and are motivated to achieve in every course. It is unlike their traditional counterparts who are eighteen to twenty years old who are happy to attend classes and pass their grades” (para 4).
Adult learners have an extensive life experience and can apply their knowledge in an education career. Therefore, most adult learners will prefer online learning due to being many positive reasons especially in its flexibility that suits their busy lifestyles. Online education, therefore, gives learners the freedom to schedule their classes as per their working time. It is not the case of the traditional education a student is required to attend every class in person (E-Skills UK, 2007). Class attendance makes sense to students who live in campus dorms and for students in need of experiencing the campus life. However, for the working people, this traditional form of education does not suit their needs especially those who want to advance their education while caring for their families (Simmers, Alexander & Tiffany 237).
Online learning offers a more comfortable learning environment than the traditional learning. Commercials have displayed how online students study in pajamas at the comfort of their couches or beds. Also, the online learning does not have those physical class sessions like the case of traditional education. The lecturers send material to students electronically. The student is supposed to read these materials and complete their assignments without the need to attend class. Also, online students do not have to leave work early or fight traffic to attend classes online like the case of students attending traditional classes. They also do not have to miss an essential time with their families or search for the right parking places. All these hassles are not for online students. All they need to do is to learn at their own pace and within the comfort of their homes (Simmers, Alexander & Tiffany 241). Students in a class setting do not feel comfortable to speak in a large classroom and are easily judged to lack motivation or lack participation. Thus classroom learners are faced with challenges every single day (Blumfeld, 2010)
A third reason for supporting online learning is that it provides concentration as well as more interaction. Evidence on the rate of traditional student participation versus the participation of students in online education has always been contradictory. However, the well-known fact is that online education provides students who are more shy and reticent with an opportunity to engage actively in class discussions and chats with much more ease unlike face to face discussions (Woolley-Wilson, 2012). Also, online students have reported that it is easier to concentrate when taking online courses since they are free from any sorts of distraction from other students or class activities (Simmers, Alexander & Tiffany 234).
A fourth reason for supporting online learning is that online courses are much more affordable than the traditional education. The net tuition fees for online education are much less than traditional education. The traditional education requires not just the tuition fee but also has its associated costs such as commuting costs, uniforms, course materials like textbooks which are not necessary for online learning. For online learning, learning materials are available online for free. Also, most colleges accept credits earned from the extensive on online courses. The credits are the advance from online education. These free online courses earned via credits assist students in accomplishing their educational requirements at no or much less costs (Simmers, Alexander & Tiffany 246).
I also find online learning to be better because online classes are highly beneficial to students and teachers. The limited distractions in the classrooms such or students coming late or delays in starting the class are not present in online learning, however, with online learning students for controlling their environment. Also, teachers of online education can send the assignment to a student through the written works. Thus with written message, it eliminates chances of a student becoming confused about the assignment’s instructions (Leng, 12). For classroom learning, a topic can get off track when students start to air their opinion leading to confusion and time wastage.
Therefore for the case of online learning, a student receives information from his teacher making it much easier and more convenient. Also, teachers do provide their contact information online, so when a student fails to understand a certain topic, he or she can send an email, or meet the instructor, or call the instructor to clarify. Therefore learning becomes easier and convenient. Also, online learning can support a large number of students without affecting the overall quality of learning. However, for traditional learning, a large number of students is a negative thing. Also, schools that offer online learning do not incur the extra cost of building more facilities for the high demand of students enrolling for educations (Charlotte, 12).
Online learning is also highly effective in the sense that a student has a chance to find answers to topics rather than waiting for them to be handed to them through discussions with other students or lectures. Thus, online learning requires students to search for answers to their assignment actively. They have to use discussion boards and their resources to find answers. This independent learning enables a student to remember more than the information handed to them. Studies have also shown that students taking online classes perform much better than those taking the same courses through the traditional learning of face-to face (Visser, 177).
Thus this essay has shown the various reasons on why online learning is much better than the traditional approach of learning. The online learning is earlier and convenient to attend. These online classes fit the need of learners with needs and those with minimal cash; there are also fewer hassles accompanying attending of online classes such as lack of traffic hams, or lack of vehicles to commute daily. Also, others have to work while attending classes/. Online learning is also desirable for disabled who are freed from the hassles of attending classroom physically. They also have a wide range of learning kits that fits their disabilities. The same is also true for the shy people and those with medical reasons that make them feel uncomfortable being around other students in a traditional face to face class room.

Work Cited

Blumenfeld, P.C. (2010) learning in classroom and motivation expanding and clarifying goal theory. Journal of Educational Psychology, 84(3), 272. Retrieved from
Charlotte, N.C. Information Age Pub, 2012. EBook Academic Collection (EBSCOhost). Web. 15 April. 2014
Donahue, K. (2008, May 14). Adult learners have motivated students. The Patriot Ledger, 6
Innovative Higher Education 29.3 (2005): 233-250.
Leng, P. E-Learning Specialist Group Meeting. 2010 .
Summers, J., Waigandt, A., and Tiffany A. Whittaker. A student achievement and satisfaction in an online versus a traditional face-to-face statistics class.
Visser, Lya. Issues and trends in Distance education: International Perspectives
Woolley-Wilson, J. (2012). Blending technology and classroom learning: Jessie Woolley-Wilson at TEDx Rainier. Retrieved from

Annotated Bibliography
Visser, Lya. Issues and Trends in Distance education: International Perspectives.
Visser in this study shows statistical evidence for the performance of online students. The findings from this study support the point that online students performed better than students in traditional classes learning the same course.
Charlotte, N.C. Information Age Pub, 2012. EBook Academic Collection (EBSCOhost). Web. 15 April. 2014
This article examines the positive impact of technology in education especially the benefits of the online learning system.
Summers, Jessica J., Waigandt, A, and T. Whittaker. Comparison of student achievement and satisfaction in an online versus a traditional face-to-face statistics class. Innovative Higher Education 29.3 (2005): 233-250.
Summers and colleagues examine the difference between traditional classroom learning and online distance learning. Results show no significant difference between the two forms of learning.
Blumenfeld, P (2010) Classroom learning and motivation expanding goal theory. Journal of Educational Psychology, 84(3), 272. Retrieved from
Blumenfield in his article discusses the challenges which classroom learners face. He says that most students who are shy and do not speak in class can judge as students who lack motivation or do not want to participate. I agree with his view that such students have no power to control their learning environment and are not comfortable with such students. Thus the traditional learning environment is always filled with tensions and distractions from other learners who are not the case for online learning.
Woolley-Wilson, J (2012) Blending classroom learning with technology. Jessie Woolley-Wilson at TEDx Rainier. Retrieved from
Woolley-Wilson, 2012 Talk about the disadvantage of classrooms for an adult learner. He says that adults have a busy learner and also for slower learners they might get lost in the traditional face to face classroom. However, he states that with online learning student gets what they need at a time they need to suit the flexible schedule of an adult learner.
Leng, P. E-Learning Specialist Group Meeting. 2010.

Leng is the e-learning unity director at the University of Liverpool. He states that most people assume that online learning is always impersonal yet this is not the case. It supports his point of view because online learning enables fast communication among all those involved. Learners can communicate through forum posts, or emails which enable students to be open minded to a wide range of topics.
E-Skills UK (2007),
The E-Skills UK (2007) article indicates that online learning is beneficial to adult learners. It shows that e-learning enables adults with a busy lifestyle to juggle learning with their other family and work responsibilities. This article, therefore, supports the idea that adult learners can attend classes even when they have to go to a mandatory parent’s day or a business trip.
Donahue, K. (2008, May 14). Adult learners have motivated students. The Patriot Ledger, 6
Innovative Higher Education 29.3 (2005): 233-250.
Donahue talks about the motivation of adult learners of advancing their careers as their main goal in enrolling in higher learning. I support the author in her comment that adult learners understand well the essential role of education in their lives more than the younger ones.


Published in Education
Wednesday, 12 July 2017 09:22

Parent Training Plan

Parent Training Plan

Sensory/Motor Processing Disorder

Sensory integration dysfunction describes the inability of a child to process information that is communicated by the various body senses. The sensory processing disorders get classified into three categories namely sensory modulation disorder, sensory discrimination disorders and sensory-based motor disorder (Curtin, Molineux & Webb, 2009). Modulation is the brain’s regulation of own activity, in which a child may have sensory difficulty due to over-responsiveness or under-responsiveness. Children suffering from sensory-based motor disorder have a hard time navigating the world. Sensory discrimination disorder refers to the difficulty in discerning and assigning meaning to qualities of certain sensory stimuli, improper recognition, and interpretation of essential characteristics of sensory stimuli and poor detection of similarities or differences in qualities of stimuli. This section describes various types of sensory/motor processing disorders namely tactile, vestibular, proprioceptive, visual, and auditory.
The tactile system is crucial in determining the mental, physical and emotional human behavior. Tactile stimulation is important for all people regardless of the age as it assists to keep us organized and to function. Tactile information is acquired through sensory receiving cells known as receptors inside our skin from head to toe. Any touch sensation of movement, pressure, temperature, vibration, and pain results in activation of tactile receptors.
Examples of behaviors when a child’s system has sensory under-responsiveness to tactile sense include the failure to react to tactile experiences such as injuries, being unaware of a dirty face and wet clothes and the constant touching of objects and people. When a child has over-responsiveness, they may experience tactile behaviors such as poor hygiene because of disliking the feel of water or a washcloth, Perceiving a simple touch as a threat, tags in clothing seem like needles piercing one’s skin and limited participation in art activities. Tactile discrimination experiences include poor fine motor skills, high pain tolerance, difficulty locating or naming items when one’s eyes are closed, the frequent dropping of items and poor speech articulation.
Family friendly activities to support the development of tactile sensory disorder
 Rubbing lotion on neck, arms, and legs using firm pressure
 Rubbing the skin briskly with a towel and wrap tightly in a towel for deep pressure after bath
 Carrying out sandwich activities such as placing the child in between couch cushions or mat and providing even pressure down onto their skin
 Doing art projects using different textures that include cotton balls, feathers, and foam
 Use of vibrating toys such as vibrating bug and bumble ball
The vestibular sense informs people of where their heads and bodies are concerning the earth’s surface. The system takes in sensory information about balance and movement from the eyes, neck, and body; then sends these messages to the central nervous system for processing and then assists in generating muscle tone that enables smooth and efficient movement (Wiener, Welsh & Blasch, 2010). An individual knows whether they are moving or standing still and whether objects are in motion or motionless concerning their bodies through communication by the vestibular system.
Vestibular dysfunction is associated with difficulties in processing language. Over-responsiveness in a child causes vestibular problems such as experiences of carsickness and avoidance of physical activities. Sensory under-responsiveness is linked to vestibular experiences such as failure to notice when one is being moved, failure to register movements effectively enough to decipher when one is dizzy and inability to notice when one is falling leading to decreased protective responses. Children who are sensory seeking may exhibit vestibular experiences such as the often love to spin and rock commonly known as roller coaster enthusiasts. Children who have vestibular-based discrimination have poor awareness of the body in space and failure to find out when they are falling.
Family friendly activities to support the development of vestibular sensory disorder
 Log rolling on flat surfaces or up and down an incline
 Blanket rides with the child pulling themselves towards the parents using a jump or other rope
 Therapy ball-bouncing on it in various positions, rolling over the ball on stomach or back with supervision
 Jumping up and down on a mini-trampoline
 Movement on swings with the child’s body placed in different positions and providing both linear and rotary input
Proprioception is the sensory information that informs us concerning own movement or the body position. The proprioceptive sense provides intake that assists in integrating touch and movement sensations. The receptors of the proprioceptive sense include muscles joint, tendons, ligaments as well as connective tissue and get activated by compression, elongation or traction (Ayres & Robbins, 2005). The proprioception plays a significant role in increasing body awareness, contributing to motor control and motor planning (praxis) as well as helps with body expression, the ability of a person to move their body parts economically and efficiently.
Proprioceptive Dysfunction refers to the inefficient processing of sensations perceived through the tendons, ligaments, muscles, connective tissue and joints. A child with poor proprioception experiences difficulty in interpreting sensations about the position as well as the head and limb motions. A child will have a poor sense of body awareness and body position. Proprioceptive discrimination is associated with experiences such as being rough with peers, clumsier as compared to peers of the same age, having difficulty using the correct force when picking up objects and also frequent pumping into objects. Children who have sensory seeking exhibit proprioception experiences such as bumping or crashing into and throwing themselves into furniture and may also be wearing tight clothing. Children who have over-responsiveness exhibit proprioception experiences such as distress caused by the necessity to move and avoidance of tight hugs or steps.
Family friendly activities to support the development of proprioceptive sensory disorder
 Allowing the child to climb/hang on things that include monkey bars, rock walls, climbing ropes and hanging rings
 Carrying, pushing and pulling objects such as stacking or moving chairs/books and riding a bike as it creates a calming sensation
 Playing games such as Twister and animal walks
 Playing with fidget toys such as play-doh, rubber bands, and stress relief balls
 Use of resistive surfaces such as sidewalk chalk on the driveway.
Vision is essential in the sensorimotor development of young children. Together with the vestibular and proprioceptive systems, it is responsible for providing feedback mechanism through which children develops, refine, self-monitor and integrate sensorimotor skills into daily functioning. When observing a baby who is sighted or who has low vision, it is easy to see the role the vision plays in the facilitation of sensorimotor development. It is the role of vision to stimulate, guide and verify an infant’s interactions with the environment.
Children with sensory over-responsiveness may experience visual related challenges such as distress caused by fluorescent lights, sensitivity to colors and also stress as result of flashing lights. Sensory under-responsiveness is associated with visual experiences such as staring into bright light, lining up toys/objects and also being overly drawn to spinning or stimulating objects.
Family friendly activities to support the development of visual sensory disorder
 Avoid sunlight and any other bright light by wearing sunglasses or hat inside and outside.
 The child may get motion sickness from too much visual input
 Avoid participation in activities with too many children as the children moving around stimulates the visual system
 Allow child to take frequent breaks so as to avoid eye strain and enhance focus
 Optometric vision therapy that involves eyes exercises
Auditory processing disorder entails of the presence of normal hearing and the brain difficulty in interpreting what it hears.
Children with sensory over-responsiveness may experience auditory-related challenges such as voices seeming to be louder, may get bothered by high pitched sounds and frequencies and may get startled by unexpected sounds including doors slamming. Sensory under-responsiveness causes auditory problems such as failure to respond to noised or to call a person’s name and also may speak loudly.
Family friendly activities to support the development of auditory sensory disorder
 Engage child in finger plays, songs, and rhymes
 During play with the child, model and also encourage utilization of environmental and animal sounds
 Promote the use of sign language and gestures so as to facilitate the child’s attempts at communication
 Label items in the child’s environment as they expand their vocabulary
 Encourage the child to imitate facial expressions and movements with lips and tongue in a mirror.
Personal Reflection
Children who have sensory/motor processing disorders usually face a broad range of challenges because they are misunderstood, misguided, misdiagnosed and frustrated. Children with these disorders that include tactile, vestibular, proprioceptive, visual, and auditory can be helped and supported through different interventions and strategies. Parents can keep data about the child’s progress with an individual intervention/strategy by observing the improvements of the child’s condition. Parents play a crucial role in enabling the success of an intervention/strategy in managing a child’s condition; thus it is essential to develop a proper plan and assess its outcome frequently. Parent training enables parents to understand their children conditions and how to deal with them.

Ayres, A. J., & Robbins, J. (2005). Sensory integration and the child: Understanding hidden sensory challenges. Western Psychological Services.
Curtin, M., Molineux, M., & Webb, J. A. (2009). Occupational Therapy and Physical Dysfunction E-Book: Enabling Occupation. Elsevier Health Sciences.
Wiener, W. R., Welsh, R. L., & Blasch, B. B. (2010). Foundations of orientation and mobility (Vol. 1). American Foundation for the Blind.

Published in Nursing
2014 Items filtered by date: July 2017.
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